Non-Linear Thermophysical Behaviour of Transition Metal Titanium
[68, (1), 37 ]
The propagation of ultrasonic waves in the hexagonal closed packed (hcp) structured lanthanide metal titanium has been investigated in the temperature range 300–1000 K. For this, initially the higher-order elastic constants (second-order elastic constants (SOECs) and third-order elastic constants (TOECs)) were computed using the Lennard-Jones interaction potential model. With the help of SOECs, other elastic moduli such as Young’s modulus (Y ), bulk modulus (B ), shear modulus (G ), Poisson’s ratio (σ) and Pugh’s ratio (B/G ) were computed using the Voigt-Reuss-Hill approximation. Three types of orientation-dependent ultrasonic velocities, including Debye average velocities, were evaluated using the calculated SOECs and density of titanium in the same temperature range. Thermophysical properties such as lattice thermal conductivity, thermal relaxation time, thermal energy density, specific heat at constant volume and acoustic coupling constant were evaluated under the same physical conditions. The ultrasonic attenuation due to phonon-phonon interaction is most significant under the chosen physical conditions. The ultrasonic properties of titanium are correlated with thermophysical properties to understand the microstructural features and nature of the material.