Optimising Metal Content in Platinum Group Metal Ammonia Oxidation Catalysts
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Platinum-based knitted gauzes are the most efficient catalysts for the production of nitric oxide, as a precursor to the manufacture of nitric acid and caprolactam. Decades of research and optimisation have resulted in a greater understanding of ammonia oxidation kinetics and associated metal movement within these catalyst packs, along with the development of beneficial binary and ternary alloys. The design of a pack has evolved from the simple addition or removal of metal to modelling the optimal installed metal content and distribution. This review discusses the fundamental kinetics and in situ metal loss for ammonia oxidation catalysts in nitric acid applications and outlines how they can, in conjunction with prevailing platinum group metal (pgm) market conditions and plant key performance indicators (KPIs), influence the optimal catalyst design.