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Volume 45, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0032-1400


The start-up operation in a nitric acid plant is one of the most important stages, from the viewpoint of safety and platinum loss, in the entire ammonia oxidation process. Usually, flame burners using hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gas preheat the platinum alloy gauze catalyst to the operating temperature. However, there are disadvantages and peculiarities in this method of initiating the start-up reaction. These are discussed here and a new electrical heating device and a new technique are described for preheating the platinum alloy gauze catalyst. The device and technique are free of these disadvantages, and together they reduce the explosive hazard and platinum losses during start-up. Results from their commercial utilisation over a 12-year period at various nitric acid plants are described.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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