Skip to content
1887
Volume 47, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0032-1400

Abstract

The years 2002 to 2004 mark the bicentenaries of the discoveries of rhodium, palladium, iridium and osmium. Two remarkable people were responsible for their discoveries – William Hyde Wollaston (1766–1828) the discoverer of rhodium and palladium, and his friend Smithson Tennant (1761–1815) the discoverer of iridium and osmium. This and a subsequent paper will seek to retell the stories of their discoveries, and to indicate the growing usefulness of the metals throughout the nineteenth century to their importance today. In this first part we will discuss Wollaston and his discoveries. Part II, to be published in a later issue, will complete the story with Tennant’s discoveries of the more intractable elements iridium and osmium.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1595/003214003X474175183
2003-01-01
2024-02-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/pmr/47/4/pmr0047-0175.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1595/003214003X474175183&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. http://www.iupac.org/news/archives/2003/naming110.html
  2. McDonald D., and Hunt L. B. A History of Platinum and its Allied Metals., Johnson Matthey, London, 1982 [Google Scholar]
  3. McDonald D Platinum Metals Rev., 1964, 8, (2), 67; V. N. Pitchkov, ibid., 1996, 40, (4), 181; K. K. Klaus, J. Pharm. Khim., 1845, 8, 381 [Google Scholar]
  4. Gilbert L. F. Notes Rec. Roy. Soc. London, 1952, 9, 310 [Google Scholar]
  5. Anon J. Nat. Philos., Chem. Arts, 1803, 5, 136 [Google Scholar]
  6. Gilbert L. F. Platinum Metals Exhibition”, Institution of Metallurgists, London, 1953 [Google Scholar]
  7. Usselman M. C. Ann. Sci., 1978, 35, 551 [Google Scholar]
  8. Wollaston W. H. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 1804, 94, 419; J. Nat. Philos., Chem. Arts, 1805, 10, 3 [Google Scholar]
  9. Wollaston W. H Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 1805, 95, 316; J. Nat. Philos., Chem. Arts, 1805, 10, 34 [Google Scholar]
  10. Smithson Tennant Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 1804, 94, 411; J. Nat. Philos., Chem. Arts, 1805, 10, 24 [Google Scholar]
  11. McDonald D. Platinum Metals Rev., 1966, 10, (3), 101 [Google Scholar]
  12. Hartog P. J., and Lees C. H. Dictionary of National Biography”, Oxford University Press, 1921, Vol. 21, p. 782 [Google Scholar]
  13. Wilson G. Religio Chemici”, MacMillan, London, 1862, p. 253 [Google Scholar]
  14. Usselman M. C., and Usselman M. C Ann.Sci., 1980, 37, 253; ed. M. Archer, Cambridge University Press, in press [Google Scholar]
  15. Usselman M. C. Platinum Metals Rev., 1978, 22, (3), 100 [Google Scholar]
  16. Chaldecott J. A. Platinum Metals Rev., 1979, 23, (3), 112 [Google Scholar]
  17. Sir John Barrow Sketches of the Royal Society and the Royal Society Club”, John Murray, London, 1849, p. 54 [Google Scholar]
  18. Cottington I. E. Platinum Metals Rev., 1991, 35, (3), 141 [Google Scholar]
  19. Kronberg B. I., Coatsworth L. L., and Usselman M. C. Ambix, 1981, 28, 20 [Google Scholar]
  20. Chenevix R., and Roy Phil. Trans. Soc., 1803, 93, 290; ibid, 1804, 7, 159; ibid., 1805, 95, 163, 182 [Google Scholar]
  21. Anon., J. Nat. ‘Philos., Chem. Arts, 1804, 7, 75, 159
  22. Wollaston W. Roy Phil. Trans. Soc., 1829, 119, 1 [Google Scholar]
  23. Sowerby J. Exotic Mineralogy: or, Coloured Figures of Foreign Minerals, as a Supplement to British Mineralogy”, Benjamin Meredith, London, 1811, p. 69 and facing p. 69 [Google Scholar]
  24. Johnson P. N., Lampadius W. A., and Chem J. Prakt. 1837, 11, 309
  25. Crookes W., and Soc Proc. Roy. 1908, 80A, 535
  26. Arentz D. Platinum and Palladium Printing”, Focal Press, Oxford, Boston, MA, 2000 [Google Scholar]
  27. Colacot T. J http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/2001/index.html; Platinum Metals Rev., 2002, 46, (2), 82 [Google Scholar]
  28. Walker R. Regency Portraits”, National Portrait Gallery, London, 1985, Vol. 1, p. 568 (text); Vol. 2, plates pp. 1417-1422 [Google Scholar]
  29. Woodward H. B. The History of the Geological Society of London”, Geological Society, London, 1907 [Google Scholar]
  30. Howe J. L., Holtz H. C., and Kauffmann G. B Bibliography of the Metals of the Platinum Group Metals 1748-1917”, U.S. Geol. Survey Bull. 694, Government Printing Office, Washington, 1919; J. L. Howe and staff of Baker & Co., “Bibliography of the Platinum Metals 1918-1930”, Baker Inc., Newark, NJ, 1947; ibid., for 1931-1940 (publ. 1949); ibid. for 1941-1950 (publ. 1956). Futher details see 1972, 16, (4), 140 [Google Scholar]
  31. Griffith W. P. The Chemistry of the Rarer Platinum Metals (Os, Ru, Ir and Rh)”, Wiley Interscience, London, 1968 [Google Scholar]
  32. Griffith W. P., Jehn H., McCleverty J., Griffith Ch Raub, Robinson S. D, Swars K., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Griffith W. P, McCleverty J., Robinson S. D, Griffith W. P, McCleverty J., and Robinson S. D W. P., 1982, Vol. 64, Suppl. Vol. B1; 1983, Vol. 64, Suppl. Vol. B2; 1984, Vol. 64, Suppl. Vol. B3
  33. Griffith W. P., McCleverty J., Robinson S. D., Swars K., Griffith W. P., and Swars K. Palladium’, in the “Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry”, eds. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1989, Vol. 65, Suppl. Vol. B2 [Google Scholar]
  34. Hartley F. R. The Chemistry of Palladium and Platinum”, Applied Science Publishers, London, 1973 [Google Scholar]
  35. Cotton S. A. Chemistry of Precious Metals”, Blackie Academic, London, 1997 [Google Scholar]
  36. Jardine F. H., and King R. B Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry”, ed. Wiley, London, 1994, Vol. 7, p. 3467;J. T. Mague, ibid., 1994, Vol. 7, p. 3489 [Google Scholar]
  37. Albeniz A. C., Espinet P., King R. B, and Suggs J. W Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry”, ed. 1994, Vol. 6, p. 3023; 1994, Vol. 6, p. 3010 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1595/003214003X474175183
Loading
/content/journals/10.1595/003214003X474175183
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error