Skip to content
1887
Volume 25, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0032-1400

Abstract

Credit for first producing malleable platinum in North America in sufficient quantity to satisfy the needs of American industry and commerce must go to Justus Erich Bollmann, whose sheet platinum went into the construction of the first platinum still to be used in America for the concentration of sulphuric acid. An account is provided of the development of Bollmann’s business and of his efforts to create new outlets for the metal.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1595/003214081X254163172
1981-01-01
2024-02-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/pmr/25/4/pmr0025-0163.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1595/003214081X254163172&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. de Staël-Holstein A. L. G. “Considérations sur les principaux evénémens de la Revolution Françoise”, London, 1818, 2, 69; English transl., London, 1818, 2, 6768 [Google Scholar]
  2. Ernst O., and Price C.Anon., “An Account Of an Attempt, made by Dr. Bollmann … and Francis K. Huger … to liberate M. de la Fayette from his confinement in the Castle of Olmutz”, The Port Folio, 1816, 4th series, 2, (2), 93112; and , “An American’s Effort for Lafayette”, New York Times Magazine, 22 December 1929, Magazine section, 4, 5, 15 [Google Scholar]
  3. Redlich F. “The Business Activities of Eric Bollmann”, Bull. Business Historical Soc., 1943, 17, (5), 8191 [Google Scholar]
  4. Archives of Baring Brothers & Co. Ltd, HCOS 1.21; Guildhall Library London, MS 18328/6, folio 110. The name was changed to Francis Baring & Co. in 1801, and to Baring Brothers & Co. in 1807
  5. Kapp F. “Justus Erich Bollmann: Ein Lebensbild aus zwei Welttheilen”, Berlin, 1880, 317ff [Google Scholar]
  6. Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, LMSS 5/A/6: holograph letter from E. Bollmann to P. Bauduy dated 22 March 1809
  7. Ibid., holograph letter from E. Bollmann to I. du Pont dated 15 December 1809
  8. Ibid., L 3–1013: holograph letter from E. Bollmann to I. du Pont dated 20 August 1812
  9. Ibid., L 3–1011: holograph letter from E. Bollmann to I. du Pont dated 31 July 1812
  10. Op. cit., (Ref. 5), 365–367: letter from E. Bollmann to J. E. Hall dated 14 March 1814
  11. Emporium of Arts and Sciences, June 1813, new series, 1, (1), 181 [Google Scholar]
  12. Knight R. “New and Expeditious Process for Rendering Platina Malleable”, Phil. Mag.,1800, 6, 13 [Google Scholar]
  13. Op. cit., (Ref. 11), August 1813, new series, 1, (2), 344346
  14. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Division of Archives & Manuscripts (State Archives): holograph letter from E. Bollmann to S. Snyder dated 18 March 1814
  15. A., and Aikin C. R. London, 1807, 2, 233–234; text reprinted in op. cit., (Ref. 16), 9394
  16. McDonald D. “A History of Platinum”, Johnson Matthey, London, 1960, 9495 [Google Scholar]
  17. Cloud J. “An Account of some Experiments made on Crude Platinum, and a New Process for separating Palladium and Rhodium from that Metal”, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.,1818, new series, 1, 161165 [Google Scholar]
  18. Freedley E. T. “Leading Pursuits and Leading Men”, Philadelphia, 1854, 171172 [Google Scholar]
  19. Cambridge University Library, Add. MSS 7736: loose sheet of paper in notebook E. A dollar was then worth 4s. 6d. sterling
  20. Haynes W. “American Chemical Industry: Background and Beginnings”, Van Nostrand, New York, 1954, 1, 177178 [Google Scholar]
  21. Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, LMSS 5/A/10: holograph letter from E. Bollmann to I. du Pont
  22. Op. cit., (Ref. 5), 364365
  23. Op. cit., (Ref. 11), April 1814, new series, 2, (3), 478
  24. Op. cit., (Ref. 5), 367369
  25. Ibid., 369370
  26. Bishop J. L. “A History of American Manufactures from 1608 to 1860”, Philadelphia, 1866, 2, 206. E. T. Freedley prepared the second and third volumes of this work [Google Scholar]
  27. For details of the introduction of lustre ware in England see L. B. Hunt, “Platinum Decoration of Porcelain and Pottery”, Platinum Metals Rev., 1978, 22, (4), 138148 [Google Scholar]
  28. Cambridge University Library, Add. MSS 7736: holograph letter in notebook F
  29. Fleming G. T. “History of Pittsburg and Environs”, New York & Chicago, 1922, 3, 537 [Google Scholar]
  30. Op. cit., (Ref. 5), 361–363: letter from E. Bollmann to L. Bollmann dated 2 February 1814
  31. U.S. National Archives Building, General Records of the Department of State, Record Group 59, Microcopy M–179, roll 29: letter from E. Bollmann to the Secretary of State dated 16 March 1814. For text of letter see F. Redlich, “Eric Bollmann and Studies in Banking”, New York, 1944, 8485
  32. Bollmann E. “Paragraphs on Banks”, Philadelphia, 1810; “Outlines of a Plan for the Regulation of the Circulatory Medium of the United States”, Amer. Rev. of History and Politics, April 1812, 3, (2), 275293 [Google Scholar]
  33. Fournier A. “Aus der Zeit des Wiener Congresses”, Wiener Allgemeinen Zeitung, 16 June 1880, supplement no. 106, 1−2: letter from E. Bollmann to Baroness Reinhard dated 20 December 1814 [Google Scholar]
  34. Varnhagen von Ense K. A. “Denkwürdigkeiten und Vermischte Schriften”, Leipzig, 1843, 2nd edn., 4, Vermischte Schriften, pt. 1, 282283 [Google Scholar]
  35. “Russian Coinage of Platina”, Phil. Mag., 1828, new series, 4, (24), 458; Edinburgh New Phil. J., 1828, 6, 197198 [Google Scholar]
  36. Perkins B. “Prologue to War: England and the United States 1805–1812”, Berkeley, 1961, 9192 [Google Scholar]
  37. Donnan E. “Papers of James A. Bayard 1796–1815”, Annual Report of Amer. Historical Assocn. for the Year 1913, Washington, 1915, 2, 207210 [Google Scholar]
  38. Senate J. Commonwealth Pennsylvania, 1 April 1807, 17, 442–448; 3 March 1808, 18, 304318 [Google Scholar]
  39. Reed G. E. “Pennsylvania Archives”, Harrisburg, 1900, 4th series, 4, 861 [Google Scholar]
  40. Op. cit., (Ref. 39), 871872
  41. Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Gratz case 8, box 6: holograph letter from E. Bollmann to S. Snyder dated 10 December 1815
  42. Op. cit., (Ref. 39), 895
  43. Op. cit., (Ref. 34), 286–289 letter from E. Bollmann to K. A. Varnhagen von Ense dated 15 July 1816
  44. Op. cit., (Ref. 37), 318319
  45. “Letters relating to the Negotiations at Ghent 1812–1814”, Amer. Historical Rev., 1915, 20, 118119 [Google Scholar]
  46. Hobson C., and Sylvester C. Hobson C.British Patent 2842 of 1805; , “Patent Malleable Zinc”, advertisement in the Sheffield newspaper Iris, 27 September 1808 [Google Scholar]
  47. Op. cit., (Ref. 37), 329330
  48. Ibid., (Ref. 28), notebookH, 3, 5, 912
  49. Op. cit., (Ref. 16), 130133
  50. Op. cit., (Ref. 3), 1943, 17, (6), 103112
  51. Archives of Baring Brothers & Co. Ltd, Guildhall Library London, MS 18328/14, folio 93 recto
  52. Assing L. “Tagebücher von Friedrich von Gentz”, Leipzig, 1873, 1, 378; P. Sweet, “Erich Bollmann at Vienna in 1815”, Amer. Historical Rev., 1941, 46, 580587 [Google Scholar]
  53. Adams C. F. “Memoirs of John Quincy Adams”, Philadelphia, 1874, 3, 404 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1595/003214081X254163172
Loading
/content/journals/10.1595/003214081X254163172
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error