Skip to content
Volume 26, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0032-1400


For thirty years after its recognition as a new element platinum resisted all attempts to melt it, first in the early porcelain furnaces and later by means of enormous burning glasses. Then in April 1782, just two hundred years ago, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier finally succeeded in bringing about its fusion on a small scale by using a blast of oxygen, the gaseous element discovered a few years earlier by Joseph Priestley. Lavoisier repeated his experiment three months later before a most distinguished audience at the Académie Royale des Sciences in Paris.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Donald McDonald 1960, “A History of Platinum”, Johnson Matthey, London, Chapter 4 [Google Scholar]
  2. Macquer P. J., and Baumé A. 1758, “Mémoire sur un Nouveau Metal”, Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Paris, 119133 [Google Scholar]
  3. Geoffroy E. 1709, “Expériences sur les métaux, faites avec le verre ardent du Palais Royal”, Mem. Acad Roy. Sci. Paris, 162176 [Google Scholar]
  4. Lavoisier A. L. 1865, Manuscript, archives of the Académie des Sciences; Published in Lavoisier’s “Oeuvres”, III, 284340 [Google Scholar]
  5. Macquer P. J. 1772, Obs. Sur la Physique (Rozier), December, 93106. [Google Scholar]
  6. Reprinted Introduction aux Obs. sur la Physique, 2, (1777), 612616 [Google Scholar]
  7. Trudaine de Montigny, Macquer, Cadet, Lavoisier, and Brisson 1774, “Premier Essai du Grande Verre de M. Trudaine”, Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Paris, 6272 [Google Scholar]
  8. Priestley J. 1803, “The Doctrine of Phlogiston Established”, p. 88 [Google Scholar]
  9. Priestley J. 1775, “Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air”, Vol II, p. 36 [Google Scholar]
  10. Priestley J. 1775, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 65, 384. [Google Scholar]
  11. Priestley J. 1775, “Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air”, Vol. II, pp. 100101 [Google Scholar]
  12. William Coles MSS, British Museum Add. MSS, 5834
  13. Oesper R. E. 1936, “Priestley, Lavoisier and Trudaine de Montingny”, J. Chem. Ed., 13, 402403 [Google Scholar]
  14. Fric R. Oeuvres de Lavoisier, Correspondence, Ed. II, 507508
  15. Achard F. K. 1781, Nouveaux Mem. Acad. Roy. Berlin., 2026 [Google Scholar]
  16. Lavoisier A. L. 1782, Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Paris, 457478 [Google Scholar]
  17. Duveen D. I., and Klickstein H. S. Letter in Library of Congress, List 1048; reproduced in 1955, Benjamin Franklin and Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Ann. Sci., 11, 103128 [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error