Skip to content
1887
Volume 41, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0032-1400

Abstract

Hydrosilylation is a reaction widely used in the silicones industry for the preparation of monomers, containing silicon-carbon bonds, and for crosslinking polymers, and results in a variety of products. Hydrosilylation reactions are catalysed by highly active platinum catalysts, such as the silicone-soluble Karstedt’s catalyst, which is prepared by the reaction of chloroplatinic acid, HPtCl, with vinyl-silicon containing compounds, such as divinyltetramethyl-disiloxane, Mvi Mvi – Inhibitors are widely used during hydrosilylation reactions to prevent premature crosslinking of polymers at ambient temperature, but permit rapid platinum-mediated crosslinking reactions at higher temperatures. Platinum colloids are formed at the end of the reaction and were identified by analysis. This paper discusses the mechanism of the hydrosilylation reaction, catalyst formation, characterisation, the effects of inhibitors and the range and complexity of the end products.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1595/003214097X4126675
1997-01-01
2024-07-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/pmr/41/2/pmr0041-0066.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1595/003214097X4126675&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Marciniec B., Gulinski J., Urbaniak W., Kornetka Z. W., Comprehensive Handbook on Hydrosilylation”, ed. and Marciniec B. Pergamon, Oxford, 1992 [Google Scholar]
  2. Pukhnarevich V. B., Lukevics E., Kopylova L. I., and Voronkov M. G. Perspectives of Hydrosilylation”, Institute of Organic Synthesis, Riga, Latvia, 1992 [Google Scholar]
  3. Ojima I., “The Chemistry of Organic Silicon Compounds”, Vol. 2, eds. Patai S., and Rappaport Z. Wiley Interscience, New York, 1989, Chapter 25, pp. 14791526 [Google Scholar]
  4. Armitage D. A., “Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry”, Vol. 2, eds. Wilkinson G., Stone F. G. A., and Abel E. W. Pergamon, Oxford, 1982, pp. 117120 [Google Scholar]
  5. Speier J. L., “Advances in Organometallic Chemistry”, Vol. 17, eds. Stone F. G. A., and West R. Academic Press, New York, 1979, pp. 407447 [Google Scholar]
  6. Lukevics E., Belyakova Z. V., Pomeransteva M. G., and Voronkov M. G. J. Organomet. Chem. Libr., 1977, 5, 1 [Google Scholar]
  7. Eaborn C., Bott R. W., “The Bond to Carbon”, ed. and MacDiarmid A. G. Marcel Dekker, New York, 1968 [Google Scholar]
  8. Harrod J. F., Chalk A. J., “Organic Synthesis via Metal Carbonyls”, Vol. 2, eds. Wender I., and Pino P. Wiley, New York, 1977, pp. 673703 [Google Scholar]
  9. Noll W. “Chemistry and Technology of Silicones,”Academic Press, New York, 1968 [Google Scholar]
  10. Rich J., Cella J., Lewis L. N., Rubinsztajn S., Stein J., Singh N., and Wengrovius J. “Kirk-Othmer: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,”Wiley, New York, 1997 [Google Scholar]
  11. Stein J., Lewis L. N., Smith K. A., and Lettko K. X. J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym., 1991, 1, 325 [Google Scholar]
  12. Lewis L. N., and Lewis N. Chem. Mater., 1989, 1, 106 [Google Scholar]
  13. Lewis L. N., and Uriarte R. J. Organometallics, 1990, 9, 621 [Google Scholar]
  14. Lewis L. N., Lewis N., Uriarte R. J., “Homogeneous Transition Metal Catalyzed Reactions;” Adv. Chem. Ser. 230, eds. Moser W. R., and Slocum D. W. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 541 [Google Scholar]
  15. Karstedt B. D. U.S. Patent 3,775,452; 1973 [Google Scholar]
  16. Chandra G., Lo P. Y., Hitchcock P. B., and Lappert M. F. Organometallics, 1987, 6, 191 [Google Scholar]
  17. Hitchcock P. B., Lappert M. F., and Warhurst N. J. W. Angew Chem., Int. Ed. Engl., 1991, 30, 438 [Google Scholar]
  18. Willing D. N. U.S. Patent 3,419,593; 1968 [Google Scholar]
  19. Ashby B. A., and Modic F. J. U.S. Patent 4,288,345; 1981 [Google Scholar]
  20. Lewis L. N., Colborn R. E., Grade H., Bryant G. L., Sumpter C. A., and Scott R. A. Organometallics, 1995, 14, 2202 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lewis L. N., Sumpter C. A., and Davis M. J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym., 1995, 5, 377, and references therein [Google Scholar]
  22. Lewis L. N., Sumpter C. A., and Stein J. J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym., 1996, 6, 123 [Google Scholar]
  23. Lewis L. N., Stein J., Colborn R. E., Gao Y., and Dong J. J. Organomet. Chem., 1996, 521, 221 [Google Scholar]
  24. Lewis L. N., Stein J., Smith K. A., Messmer R. P., LeGrand D. G., Scott R. A., “Progress in Organosilicon Chemistry,” eds. Marciniec B., and Chojnowski J. Gordon & Breach, Amsterdam, 1995, p. 263 [Google Scholar]
  25. Lewis L. N., and Lewis N. J. Am. Chem. Soc, 1986, 108, 7228 [Google Scholar]
  26. Lewis L. N. J. Am. Chem. Soc, 1990, 112, 5998 [Google Scholar]
  27. Lewis L. N., Uriarte R. J., and Lewis N. J. Mol. Catal, 1991, 66, 105 [Google Scholar]
  28. Lewis L. N., Uriarte R. J., and Lewis N. J. Catal., 1991, 127, 67 [Google Scholar]
  29. Stein J., Lewis L. N., and Gao Y.
/content/journals/10.1595/003214097X4126675
Loading
/content/journals/10.1595/003214097X4126675
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error