Skip to content
Volume 42, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0032-1400


The ability of fuel cells to use hydrocarbon fuels efficiently is important if they are to compete with battery power. Solid oxide fuel cells, particularly zirconia fuel cell devices, are generally well suited to utilise a variety of fuels. They are commercially attractive, especially in remote locations where battery supply and maintenance costs are prohibitive but where fuel, particularly butane, is readily available. Butane can be safely stored at high energy density and is thus a useful fuel for zirconia fuel cells in remote areas. Partial oxidation would be the preferred route to reform butane, but this requires a suitable catalyst. Ruthenium is an excellent partial oxidation catalyst, giving nearly total reformation of butane and producing high levels of hydrogen. However, problems such as carbon deposition and catalyst optimisation need to be addressed. Here, work with a zirconia fuel cell successfully fuelled by butane and using a ruthenium catalyst under controlled reaction conditions is discussed.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error