Skip to content
1887
Volume 60, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 2056-5135

Abstract

Steam reforming of methane is a vital unit operation in the manufacture of synthesis gas (or syngas). Johnson Matthey Process Technologies is a leader in reforming technology for the industrial production of hydrogen, methanol and ammonia to the chemicals and oil and gas sectors. Many of the key innovations in the development of the early reformers and catalysts have taken place in Billingham, UK () by ICI Agricultural Division and later Johnson Matthey Process Technologies. This paper explores the history of the site at which industrial reforming technology was established in 1936 and recounts the technological milestones of the engineers’ work on catalysts, reformer design and operation since that time.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1595/205651316X692923
2016-01-01
2024-02-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmtr/60/4/JMTR-60-4-Murkin.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1595/205651316X692923&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Gard N. R. Nitrogen, 1966, (93), 25 [Google Scholar]
  2. Brightling J. ‘A Long History in Steam Reforming at Billingham’, Nitrogen+Syngas, 2014, 327, 46 LINK http://www.jmprotech.com/pdfs-library/NS-327_Steam_Reforming.pdf [Google Scholar]
  3. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd, Agricultural Division, “Catalyst Handbook”, Wolfe Publishing Ltd, London, UK, 1970 [Google Scholar]
  4. Hicks T. C., and Plummer J. ‘Steam Reforming 1981’, ICI Catalysts Technical Paper 22, 1981 [Google Scholar]
  5. Hicks T. C. ‘Steam Reforming’, ICI Catalysts Symposium BRASIM 85, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April, 1985 [Google Scholar]
  6. Blythe B. M., and Sampson R. W. Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Fuel Chem., Prepr., 1973, 18, (3), 84 LINK https://web.anl.gov/PCS/acsfuel/preprint%20archive/Files/18_3_CHICAGO_08-73_0084.pdf [Google Scholar]
  7. Jones J., and Huber J. ‘Improved Reformer Furnace Efficiency (An Update on Reformer Tube Metallurgy)’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), San Diego, USA, 1997 [Google Scholar]
  8. Ridler D. E. ‘Computers for Profit’, ICI Catalyst Symposium,Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April, 1985 [Google Scholar]
  9. Cromarty B. J. ‘The Use of Computer Simulations in Primary Steam Reformers’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), London, UK, September, 1991 [Google Scholar]
  10. Reuvers J. G., Brightling J. R., and Sheldon D. T. ‘Ammonia Technology Development from Haber-Bosch to Current Times’, International Fertiliser Society, London, UK, 2nd July, 2014, “Proceeding 747”, p. 961 [Google Scholar]
  11. Cromarty B. J. ‘The Development and Application of Shaped Primary Reforming Catalyst’, ICI Catalysts Customer Symposium, Thaicat 90,Bangkok, Thailand, May, 1990, “ICI Katalco Technical Papers” [Google Scholar]
  12. Cromarty B. J. Nitrogen, 1991, 91, 115 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cotton W. J., and Roberts M. P. ‘Application and Operation of the Quadralobe Steam Reforming Catalyst Shape in Methanol Plants’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), London, UK, 2003 [Google Scholar]
  14. Whittenberger W., and Farnell P. W. ‘Foil Supported Catalysts Deliver High Performance in Steam Reformers’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), London, UK, 7th–10th June, 2015 [Google Scholar]
  15. Carlsson M. P. U., Oliver J. G., Feaviour M. R., Birdsall D. J., and French S. A. Johnson Matthey Plc, ‘Catalyst Preparation Method’, European Patent 2,424,657; 2012 [Google Scholar]
  16. Lynch F. ‘Johnson Matthey: The New Force in Catalysis’, Fertilizer Focus, January/February 2004, p. 49 [Google Scholar]
  17. Brightling J., and Pach J. ‘Ammonia Production – A Century of Safety, Health & Environmental Improvements’, 58th Annual Safety in Ammonia Plants and Related Facilities Symposium, Frankfurt, Germany, 25th–29th August, 2013 [Google Scholar]
  18. Phillips J. ‘A Short History of ICI at Billingham – The First 60 Years 1917–1977’ Billingham, 1986 [Google Scholar]
  19. Whittenberger W., and Farnell P. ‘Foil Supported Catalysts Deliver High Performance in Steam Reformers’, Nitrogen + Syngas 2015 28th International Conference & Exhibition, Istanbul, Turkey, 23rd–26th February, 2015, “Proceedings of Nitrogen + Syngas 2015”, p. 21 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1595/205651316X692923
Loading
/content/journals/10.1595/205651316X692923
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error