Skip to content
Volume 61, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 2056-5135


Methanol is increasingly being looked at as a way to reduce the emissions potential of transport fuel. It may be used in place or in addition to gasoline fuel, for example. The amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted in producing methanol can vary hugely according to the syngas generation technology selected and the choice of electrical or steam turbine drive for compressors and pumps. This paper looks at the impact of these technology choices on GHG emissions and how the carbon intensity of methanol used as a transport fuel compares to the carbon intensity of other hydrocarbon fuels. It is found that methanol produces lower well to wheel emissions than gasoline under all production methods studied and can even produce lower GHG emissions compared to ethanol as a fuel supplement. However, the same is not always true if methanol is used to produce gasoline from natural gas.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Demonstration Projects, Learn More About Exciting Demonstration Projects using Methanol as a Vehicle Fuel from Around the World, Methanol Fuels, Methanol Institute, Singapore: (Accessed on 30th August 2017)
  2. Automotive Fuel, Methanol Institute, Singapore: (Accessed on 30th August 2017)
  3. Claxton H. A. ‘Horses for Courses’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), London, UK, 19th–22nd June, 2011 [Google Scholar]
  4. “Operating Permits Issued under Title V of the Clean Air Act”, United States Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina, USA: (Accessed on 30th August 2017) [Google Scholar]
  5. “Annual Energy Outlook 2013 with Projections to 2040”, DOE/EIA-0383(2013), US Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, USA, April, 2013 LINK [Google Scholar]
  6. “CA-GREET 2.0 Model”, Air Resources Board, California Environmental Protection Agency, California, USA, 6th May, 2016 LINK [Google Scholar]
  7. Cai H., Wang M., Elgowainy A., and Han J. “Updated Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Air Pollutant Emission Factors and Their Probability Distribution Functions for Electric Generating Units”, ANL/ESD/12-2, a Report by Argonne National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA, 1st May, 2012, 142 pp LINK [Google Scholar]
  8. Shahan Z. “18 Fun Renewable Energy Charts from NREL Director Dan Arvizu & Ren21’s Renewables 2013 Global Status Report”, CleanTechnica, Important Media Network, Sustainable Enterprises Media, Inc, 7th November, 2013 LINK [Google Scholar]
  9. v1.3.0.10631, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois, USA, 2015 LINK
  10. Ingham A. ‘Low Carb Methanol, the Lighter Way to Produce Methanol’, International Methanol Technology Operators Forum (IMTOF), London, UK, 7th–10th June, 2015 [Google Scholar]
  11. Sperling D., and Yeh S. Issues Sci. Technol., 2009, 25, (2), 57 LINK [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error