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Volume 67, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2056-5135


The assessment of lithium-ion battery (LIB) safety is a multiscale challenge: from the whole-cell architecture to its composite internal three-dimensional (3D) microstructures. Substantial research is required to standardise failure assessments and optimise cell designs to reduce the risks of LIB failure. In this two-part work, the failure response of a 1 Ah layered pouch cell with a commercially available nickel manganese cobalt (NMC) cathode and graphite anode at 100% state of charge (SOC) (4.2 V) is investigated. The mechanisms of two abuse methods: mechanical (by nail penetration) and thermal (by accelerating rate calorimetry) are compared by using a suite of post-mortem analysis methods.


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